Constructive Dismissal

What is constructive dismissal?

Constructive dismissal is when an employer, in effect, forces you to leave your job.  The employer could, for example:

  • Not pay you or demote you for no reason.
  • Change how you work. For instance, he could force you to work night shifts while your contract is for daytime work.
  • The employer could force you to work in unsafe conditions.
  • Allow other employees to bully you.

The employer’s breach of contract can be a series of incidents or just one serious incident. Remember that for your constructive dismissal claim to be successful, the incident(s) must be bad enough to justify to the Employment Tribunal that you couldn’t stay in your job any longer.

A constructive dismissal case can be notoriously difficult to prove, and not many claims win.  The primary legal test will be proving that your boss ignored their contractual obligations toward you.

If you think you have a constructive dismissal claim, you must speak to one of our employment solicitors as soon as possible.  We might advise you to leave your job immediately, as your employer might argue later that you’ve stayed, and therefore you did not have a problem with your ‘new’ work conditions. Constructive dismissal is different from unfair dismissal.

Constructive Dismissal FAQs

It would depend on the facts of the case. However, if it were impossible for you to stay in your job any longer, resigning and raising a post-dismissal grievance would be better.  Raising a grievance and going through the motions while still employed can count against you at the Employment Tribunal.

You can give notice. However, if you’ve been treated so badly that you feel you have no other option than to resign, you can provide a shorter notice than required or leave without giving notice.  If you haven’t quit yet, speak to one of our employment solicitors at Robertsons. We can help you decide the best way forward. You may also want to consider contacting the independent organisation of ACAS.

If you are considering leaving your job because your employer made it impossible for you to stay, we can offer advice. If you feel you’ve already reached the end of the line, we can guide you through the next challenging steps. Our expert employment solicitors will carefully analyse the information you give us and will support you through the whole process of your constructive dismissal claim.

Our Expert Team

Our expertise is how we maintain our strong reputation as a law firm.

Meet The Employment Team